SPC Fertilizers

The World’s Most Innovative Fertilzer

WS Biotech has developed and commercialized a new paradigm in fertilizer Smart ProCell (marketed by AgriScience Inc.). Smart ProCell increases yield 30%+, decreases costs, ends nutrient runoff pollution, and protects waterways by preventing billions of dollars of nutrients from washing away. No other company takes a similar approach. SPC Fertilizer re-programs the basic algorithm of soil and turns fertilizer from an expense into a non-perishable inventory that makes your soil get better year after year.

Why  Traditional Fertilizers Don’t Work

Soil carries a negative charge (anionic). Most fertilizers and nutrients also carry a negative charge. Like charges repel. Therefore, most traditional fertilizer and soil repel each other. This repulsion causes traditional organic and synthetic fertilizers to easily be washed away by irrigation or rainfall into our environment. Traditional fertilizers applied to lawns, gardens, farms, golf courses, parks, corporate campuses, etc. are only 30-50% effective at being absorbed by the plant or staying in the soil. Put differently, 50-70% of the fertilizers farmers & consumers pay for is lost! Positively charged fertilizers (cations) are not off the hook though! They also run off during irrigation or rainfall due to weak chemical bonding. Traditional fertilizers have caused catastrophic damage to our ecosystems and need to be phased out. This can be done with no-harm nor major change by farmers or consumers when using Smart ProCell fertilizer.

How SPC Works

SPC Fertilizer combines with nutrients and retains concentrated nutrients in contact with or in the proximity of plant roots. SPC promotes optimum plant growth and crop yield while using less fertilizer nutrients. SPC substantially reduces nutrient runoff and volatilization from farms while reducing excess nutrients in the soil. SPC employs electro-chemical science and can be positively, negatively or non-ionically charged and, therefore, attracts and retains the desired charged macronutrients within a specific growth environment. SPC helps facilitate osmotic nutrient uptake by plants by retaining nutrients and releasing them for use by plants when required. Most importantly, SPC can be designed to bind to negatively charged nutrients and anion complexes. This prevents the nutrients from being lost through volatilization or run-off. SPC resolves a critical challenge involving providing the chemical concentration gradients required to facilitate ionic transport across plant root cell walls without excessive concentration of soluble chemicals most of which are lost to runoff and ground water.

“Smart Pro Cell fertilizer is awesome. It doesn’t leech. A large area of my cornfield was submerged in 1 foot of water for 2 weeks and during harvest the yield suggested no nitrogen had been lost. I couldn’t believe it. SPC has the potential to be, and should be, the next biggest thing in Global Agriculture.” Martin VanderArk, VanderArk Farms

Increased Plant Health

Nitrogen is highly susceptible to loss because the Anion Exchange Capacity of most soil is very low. As corn and many other crops mature they often need more nitrogen than is available in the soil, this causes them to make up the loss from somewhere – jeopardizing their health. Specifically in the case of corn, pictured to the left, the plant will divert nitrogen contained in its leaves and stalk to the grain through a process called cannibalization. According to Dow Chemical, “Once cannibalization begins, the cornstalks are weakened and more susceptible to stalk rot and yields can be significantly reduced.” In the above photos, the SPC Experimental Crop (right) vegetation remained healthy and dark green while the control crop (left) experienced a nutrient deficiency and began the process of cannibalization. This is the visual evidence for the efficacy of SPC Fertilizer as nutrients were retained in the plant’s root zone and made available to maintain plant health.

Increased Yields pt.1

Typically, high-yield corn requires 256 lbs of Nitrogen per acre to grow 230 bushels of corn per acre. In SPC’s lowest performing combination (Series C) with very low Nitrogen (120 lbs per acre) achieved the equivalent of 230 bushels. Each of the corn plant components including stalks, ears, roots, grain, husks, and cobs were analyzed for nitrogen assimilation. Comparison of the amount of fertilizer applied versus the amount of fertilizer taken up by the plants yields the Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency. Higher Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency results in less nutrient run-off and greater yields. The Nitrogen Utilization Efficiency and yield data indicated that sunlight became the limiting factor for our crop sections. Optimized row and seed spacing is being developed by WS Biotech to increase sunlight available to corn stalks. Current row and seed spacing practices assume limited nutrient availability — these assumptions no longer hold true when employing SPC technology.

Increased Yields 2

The goal of SPC approach is to maintain nutrients in the soil and, in turn, make those nutrients available to the plant. By analyzing the soil nutrient values before planting and after the harvest (the Nitrogen Soil Inventory), the nitrogen assimilated by each plant component, and the amount of nitrogen applied during the growing season, the overall efficiency of SPC technology can be calculated (the chart to your left). Anything less than 100% efficiency indicates that nutrients have been lost from the farmland. SPC  pilot crop performance was outstanding and surprisingly demonstrated the ability to achieve nutrient efficiency above 100%. How is such performance possible? Composite system efficiency in excess of 100% is possible if the soil is capable of fixing nitrogen from the air and converting it to usable nitrate or ammonia. Based on other 4 pilot plant data, nitrogen fixation is possible by employing SPC soil technology. Thus, the amount of usable nitrogen is greater than expected. Further explanation of this exciting development will be released in the future and is part of WS Biotech’s intellectual property portfolio.

The old adage is that corn should be knee high by the fourth of July. This picture was taken on the 4th of July 2016 at our pilot plant. the adage needs to be changed with our technology. It now needs to be “High as an elephant’s eye by the 4th of July”. The corn is 11 feet in this picture.

Customized for Farm, Farmer, & Crop

The constituents of Smart ProCell Fertilizer can be made into infinite combinations. Working with the farmer, WS Biotech completes an analysis on the soil type, the expected weather conditions, the geography of the farm, the geography of the region – analyzing threats and probability of a flood, proximity to waterways – etc., regional regulations and governmental expectations, the crop being grown and its specific needs, the operating procedures preferred by the farmer, the infrastructure and equipment the farmer has available, the targeted yields, and the financial goals of the farmer. Using this data, a combination of different SPC constituents is made that fits the intersection of value between all these data points the farmer is looking for. Thus, Smart ProCell Fertilizer optimizes the goals of the farmer relative to their unique situation.

“Smart Pro Cell fertilizer proved to be a stable source of nitrogen that did not leech. We look forward to using it every year.” -Trent Barth, Prairie Wind Farm

Decreased Costs

Smart ProCell Fertilizer maximizes the profits of farmers in a multitude of ways. First, by decreasing costs. SPC is only applied once per year as opposed to 2-4 times per year, therefore reducing the fertilizer application costs, wear and tear on equipment, and fuel by up to 75%. SPC typically achieves the same yields as traditional fertilizers with HALF the needed fertilizer. Thus, fertilizer costs are reduced by up to 50%. SPC has seen a maximum of 6% of applied fertilizer runoff from the fields. Thus, the wasted fertilizer that farmers pay for is reduced from up to 70% to a maximum of 6% and in most cases 0%. This also allows the left over nitrogen and phosphorous in the soil to be utilized the next year and carry over as an inventory instead of as a cost. Because of near zero runoff pollution the threat of regulatory fines is reduced to near zero. It is possible we could even see a governmental credit for such a low runoff level, thus creating another revenue stream for the farmer. These decreased costs represent a SUBSTANTIAL gain for farmers.

Increased Profits

In addition to significantly decreasing the costs for farmers, Smart ProCell Fertilizer also increases their revenue. The average yield increase of 48.82% for farmers can increase their revenue by up to the same. Significantly increased revenue, with significantly decreased costs, means significantly increased profitability. With the use of our product, maybe farmers can breathe a little bit in this economy which seems committed to making it as hard as possible on them.

Ending Runoff Pollution

Through the use of Smart ProCell Fertilizer, runoff fertilizer, pesticide, and herbicide pollution from farms, from homes, from nurseries, from gardens, from parks and other municipal buildings, from landfills, from corporate campuses, from golf courses, even from pet wastes (due to SPC fixing the nutrients within them) can be stopped. Stopping nutrient runoff pollution would mean ending toxic algae blooms, the cause hypoxia and domoic acid poisoning. These two devastating environmental consequences cause the death of all marine life, make waters unsafe for humans and pets, depletes fishing tourism and industry, and is the largest contributor to coral reef bleaching. It is hard to accurately assess how devastating runoff pollution truly is.

Ending Soil GHG Emissions

But there is more benefit from the use of SPC. “Volatilization” is the technical term for microbial digestion of nitrate fertilizer in the soil. This releases nitrous oxide (NO3), a greenhouse gas 300 times more potent than CO2. SPC Fertilizer is structured in a way that prevents the microbiological digestion of nitrates and therefore is able to put an end to the largest source of agricultural GHG emissions (see image to right). But… these are just the benefits of the USAGE of SPC. SPC has nearly as profound environmental benefits from its PRODUCTION as well.

Pristine Production

The PRODUCTION of Smart ProCell Fertilizer has as significant of environmental benefits as its use. The first benefit comes from the safe utilization of its raw materials. SPC can be produced from a number of feedstocks, but wastes such as animal manures, human manures, industrial biomass wastes (food-processing, ethanol processing, etc.), or agricultural wastes are preferred. Using these wastes for SPC prevents their improper disposal, such as ocean dumping, incineration, and landfill application. Secondly, our manufacturing process is ZERO-DISCHARGE and requires ZERO ENERGY INPUT, thus eliminating any emissions whatsoever. Third, SPC manufacturing process does not use ammonia manufactured in large centralized plants.  These large central ammonia plants consume 1-2% of the fossil fuels consumed in the world. Fourth, SPC is manufactured locally so that Transportation emissions, energy, and costs are minimized. Ammonia transportation emissions are equivalent to 0.5 to 4.2 tons per ton of NH3 transported. Through the production and use of our product, it is possible for us to abate 1-2% of Global Geenhouse Gas Emissions just from our operations in the United States – mix that with the benefits of its use and SPC could possibly be the most significant environmental product on Earth.

Fertilizer of the Future

Smart ProCell Fertilizer is the only long term solution to the problems facing the industry today. It is cost effective, decreases costs, increases profits, eliminates nutrient runoff pollution, soil GHG emissions, increases yields to meet the demand of a growing population, and does all of this with no significant increase in costs, complexity, or effort for the farmer or consumer. It is truly sustainable. Currently only small scale production is in process but two large production facilities are in the final stages of planning for Central Illinois. However, the demand is so high that even that will not satisfy 1/10 of the demand in Illinois. To really make a change we need a national distribution of facilities throughout North America. We are open to help. Click “Contact Us” if you believe you can.